The cryostat is a large, stainless steel structure surrounding the vacuum vessel and superconducting magnets, providing a super-cool, vacuum environment. It is made up of a single wall cylindrical construction, reinforced by horizontal and vertical ribs. The cryostat is 29.3 metres tall and 28.6 metres wide.
The ITER cryostat will be 31 metres tall and nearly 37 metres wide.
The cryostat has many openings, some as large as four metres in diametre, which provide access to the vacuum vessel for cooling systems, magnet feeders, auxiliary heating, diagnostics, and the removal of blanket and divertor parts. Large bellows are used between the cryostat and the vacuum vessel to allow for thermal contraction and expansion in the structures. The cryostat is completely surrounded by a concrete layer known as the bioshield. Above the cryostat, the bioshield is two metres thick.