Construction of the ITER scientific installation began in 2010. At the heart of the facility, the Tokamak Complex is rising. (Photo: ITER Organization/EJF Riche, November 2020)
The ITER Project is currently under construction on a 180-hectare site in southern France.
Thirty-nine buildings and technical areas house the ITER Tokamak and its plant systems. The heart of the facility—the Tokamak Building—is a seven-storey structure in reinforced concrete that sits 13 metres below the platform level and 60 metres above. Pre-assembly of Tokamak components takes place in the adjacent Assembly Hall. Other auxiliary buildings in the vicinity of the Tokamak Building include cooling towers, electrical installations, a control room, facilities for the management of waste, and the cryogenics plant that will provide liquid helium to cool the ITER magnets.
Europe, as part of its commitments to the project, is building nearly all of the platform buildings and site infrastructure.
An estimated 2,000 workers have participated in the construction of the ITER scientific facility. Each building, once structurally complete, is handed over to the ITER Organization for the installation and assembly of equipment.
The successful integration and assembly of over one million components (ten million parts) built in the ITER Members' factories around the world and delivered to the ITER site constitutes a tremendous logistics and engineering challenge.
In the ITER offices around the world, the exact sequence of assembly events has been carefully orchestrated and coordinated. In November 2017, the ITER Project passed the 50 percent milestone of work scope completed to First Plasma. (See related article here.)
Mid-2020, the percent completion figure (to First Plasma) had reached 70 percent.
ITER machine assembly has begun. For more information (and images) about machine and plant assembly, please see these pages.
Main construction milestones:
2006 Signature of the ITER Agreement
2007-2009 Land clearing and levelling
2010-2014 Ground support structure and seismic foundations for the Tokamak
2014-2021 Construction of the Tokamak Building (access for first assembly activities in 2018)
2010-2021 Construction of the ITER plant and auxiliary buildings for First Plasma
2020-2025 Main assembly phase 1
Dec 2025 First Plasma
Take a virtual tour of ITER construction here.
- Worksite | Europe's Fusion for Energy is building the ITER installation
- ITER platform | Finding your way
- Assembly preparation | Off goes the lid
- Council milestone #50 | The way to assembly is open
- From up high | A drone survey amidst the "giboulées"
- Tokamak Complex | A changing landscape
- Roof modules | Patience, precision and a crane's long arm
- Worksite postcards | Under fog and autumn light
- Summer works | A new chapter opens
- Crane operator | A cabin in the sky
- Construction | The stage is now set for the next act
- On site | Through the eyes of a crane operator
- Worksite | A frontier town at the frontier of science
- Construction webcam |The world is watching
- On site | Drone survey on a perfect day
- Construction | A new team of problem solvers
- Worksite progress | A view from the belfry
- Project progress | How do we know where we stand?
- Building ITER | Halfway to First Plasma
- Take a 360° virtual tour through ITER
- Concrete pouring begins for B1 level
- First component installed in Tokamak Complex
- Pouring the protective circle
- First plant components now in place
- A floor to support 400,000 tonnes
- A very concrete milestone