Workers at Hyundai Heavy Industry's Ulsan factory prepare a 440-tonne ITER vacuum vessel sector for travel to France. This is the second sector (of four expected from Korea) to leave the shop floor. (June 2021)
All the participants to the ITER Project are involved in the procurement of machine components and plant systems. In addition one Member—Europe—is responsible for procuring the buildings and technical facilities of the scientific installation.
During the negotiations that led up to the signing of the ITER Agreement, the original sharing of procurement was decided between the Members—about 45.5 percent for Europe, and 9.1 percent each for China, India, Japan, Korea, the Russian Federation and the United States.
The lion's share of Member contributions to ITER (90 percent) will be delivered "in-kind." That means that in the place of transferring money, the Members will be delivering components, systems (and for Europe ... buildings) directly to the ITER Organization. (Ten percent of contributions will be transferred "in-cash" for the operational budget of the ITER Organization.)
This unique procurement sharing program has an important purpose, allowing all Members to gain direct industrial experience in key fusion technologies. By participating in ITER, the Members are also preparing their scientific, technological and industrial infrastructure at home for the step after ITER—a demonstration fusion reactor.
The distribution of in-kind fabrication tasks was based both on the interests and the technical and industrial capacities of each of the Members. The fabrication of key components is shared broadly—for example, the fabrication of the vacuum vessel sectors is shared between Europe (5 sectors) and Korea (4 sectors); the central solenoid is a collaboration between the United States and Japan; divertor manufacturing and testing is divided between Europe, Russia and Japan; India and the United States are sharing responsibility for ITER's cooling water systems; the blanket system will be produced by China, Europe, Korea, Russia and the United States; and finally, six ITER Members (all but India) are involved in the production of ITER magnets.
The ITER Organization has already signed nearly 100 Procurements Arrangements with the ITER Domestic Agencies (one Domestic Agency has been established in each ITER Member). These agencies, in turn, contract out to industry for the fabrication of the component according to the very specific conditions laid out in the Procurement Arrangement documents. Since the beginning of the process, more than 2,800 contracts for design or fabrication have been awarded by the ITER Domestic Agencies.
Today, in factories on three continents, the components and systems of the ITER plant are taking shape. The first (small-sized) components began arriving in boxes and crates in the third quarter of 2014. In 2015, the first "highly exceptional ITER loads" travelled along the ITER Itinerary
. Today, components and systems are arriving from all ITER Members and machine assembly has begun.
To see the photo gallery of ITER manufacturing, click here
To learn more about ITER assembly, click here
- Contract management | E-procurement helps to simplify and streamline
- Plasma heating | Japan completes gyrotrons
- Vacuum vessel | Second "jewel" to leave Korea
- Industrial milestone | Toshiba completes ITER coil
- European winding facility | First coil leaves production line
- Feeders | Multi-lane thruways into the machine
- Central solenoid | First module gets clean bill of health
- Fabrication | Bottom ring magnet completes all testing
- Diagnostic first walls | Pushing manufacturing to the limit
- Vacuum vessel | India completes in-wall shielding package
- Blanket shield blocks | Series production milestone in Korea
- Industrial milestone | Cryostat manufacturing comes to an end in India
- Gas fuelling manifolds | How different gas species reach the plasma
- Gyrotrons | Russia completes four
- Magnet feeders | On their way from Hefei
- Manufacturing | Thermal shield milestone in Korea
- Industrial milestone | Korea completes first vacuum vessel sector
- Industrial milestone | Europe completes D-shaped magnet
- Industrial milestone | Japan completes the first D-shaped coil of the ITER Tokamak
- IBF/19 | ITER and industry speak a common language
- Cryostat | Lower cylinder revealed
- HTS current leads | China launches series production
- Toroidal field coils | First ITER magnet arrives this year
- Vacuum vessel welding | Rehearsing a grand production
- Divertor inner target | Trial by fire
- Correction coils | Closing the case
- Blanket shield blocks | Full-scale prototype passes key test in China
- An alien shape for an awesome task
- First toroidal field coil case: on target in Japan
- Indian giant faces the challenges of a "unique object"
- Where vessels are born
- Around the manufacturing world in 3 minutes
- In the forges of ITER
- How to make a radial plate in 150 days