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  • Interview | Michel Huguet on the long chain of "fusion builders"

    Some thirty years ago, the ITER Project entered what is called the Engineering Design Activities, a phase which aimed at providing the engineering drawings and [...]

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  • Assembly | Long-term coil park

    Manufactured in China under a European contract, poloidal field coil #6 (PF6) was the first magnet to be installed in the assembly pit in late April 2021. Saili [...]

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  • On site | Safety comes first

    Whether they spend their day in an office at ITER or on one of the upper floors of the Tokamak Complex, driving a vehicle or manoeuvring a crane, every per [...]

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  • Visitors | EU Commissioner for Energy: "ITER is a unique project in frontier science"

    Kadri Simson, European Union Commissioner for Energy, spent Friday 17 September at ITER. In the course of her visit to key site installations and during the pre [...]

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  • Image of the week | 2nd vacuum vessel sector passes site tests

    On 27 August, the ITER community celebrated the safe arrival of vacuum vessel sector #1(7)—the second of four sectors expected from the Korean Domestic Agency. [...]

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Of Interest

See archived entries

X-rays to pierce plasma secrets

ITER Technical Responsible Officer Robin Barnsley presents the technical details of the Edge Imaging X-ray Spectrometer. Also present: Dhiraj Bora, head of the Directorate for CODAC, Heating & Diagnostics; Mike Walsh, Diagnostic Division head; and Dilshad Sulaiman, a young Indian Domestic Agency staff member presently working at ITER. (Click to view larger version...)
ITER Technical Responsible Officer Robin Barnsley presents the technical details of the Edge Imaging X-ray Spectrometer. Also present: Dhiraj Bora, head of the Directorate for CODAC, Heating & Diagnostics; Mike Walsh, Diagnostic Division head; and Dilshad Sulaiman, a young Indian Domestic Agency staff member presently working at ITER.
A hot plasma is a bit like a star: it gives out light all across the electromagnetic spectrum, from radio waves all the way through X-rays to gamma rays.

When astrophysicists want to know what happens inside a star—how hot it is, what elements it is composed of—they use a spectrometer. A fusion physicist does exactly the same with a fusion plasma.

The light spectrum carries a considerable amount of information. Aim the proper spectrometer toward a region of the plasma and it will tell you how many impurities are present, how the temperature varies, and how fast the tenuous gas rotates.

The Edge Imaging X-ray Spectrometer that the Indian Domestic Agency will procure for ITER will be a valuable diagnostic tool. Last Wednesday, 28 March, the Procurement Arrangement documents were signed by Director-General Motojima; this Monday the documents will be countersigned by ITER-India Project Director Shishir Deshpande.
 
The Edge Imaging X-ray Spectrometer is one of three X-ray subsystems that will look at different regions of the ITER plasma in order to provide accurate measurements of their behaviour and performance. It is a vacuum-coupled, multi-channel device that sits behind a port plug and will have a very narrow, direct line of sight to the upper edge region of the D-shaped plasma.

This first diagnostics Procurement Arrangement signed with India is an exemplary one. The whole process was a close collaboration between ITER and the Indian Domestic Agency which sent several staff members for long periods to Cadarache, creating strong bonds between the institutions. "Working with the ITER team has been a great pleasure," says Sanjeev Varshney, technical responsible officer at the Indian Domestic Agency.

Dhiraj Bora, head of the Directorate for CODAC, Heating & Diagnostics, was present on Wednesday along with Diagnostics Division Head Mike Walsh, ITER Technical Responsible Officer Robin Barnsley, and one of the young Indian Domestic Agency staff members presently working at ITER, Dilshad Sulaiman.


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