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  • Cryolines | Out through the door, in through the roof

    Cooling fluids for the machine's magnets, thermal shield and cryopumps will travel to the Tokamak Building through a set of large multi-process pipes (cryolines [...]

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  • Image of the week | Next in line

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  • Assembly tools | Strong base for a very heavy task

    The first part of the in-pit assembly tool has been installed in the Tokamak pit. When complete, the tool will stand more than 20 metres high and branch out in [...]

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  • Diagnostics | A stowaway on board toroidal field coil #8

    Hidden inside the steel case of the most recent toroidal field coil delivered to ITER—TF8, from Japan—is a unique and critical diagnostic device. Named after th [...]

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  • Vacuum vessel sector | A 90° tilt in mid-air

    Ever since ITER entered the machine assembly phase, some ten months ago, we have been treated to a few spectacular lifting operations. In May 2020, we watched t [...]

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Of Interest

See archived entries

The Sun never sets on the CODAC empire

With 55 organizations presently using the CODAC Core System, the Sun never sets on the CODAC empire... (Click to view larger version...)
With 55 organizations presently using the CODAC Core System, the Sun never sets on the CODAC empire...
Every year in February, when almond trees begin to bloom in Provence, the ITER CODAC team releases a new version of the CODAC Core System.

The 2013 edition (CODAC Core System v 4.0) is more robust, comes with a better operator interface, offers more features, and supports plant systems that need "fast control," for example plasma control systems that have to react within a strictly defined period of time. "Version 3.0 did it okay," says ITER Control System Division Head Anders Wallander. "Version 4.0 does it better."

CODAC (Control, Data Access and Communication) can be described as a software conductor that orchestrates the dialogue between the hundred-odd ITER plant systems ..."the system of systems that makes one entity of everything" ... the lingua franca that allows the magnets, blanket, tritium plant, cryostat and diagnostics to exchange signals and share information.

The core of the infrastructure is located in a technical room in the basement of ITER Headquarters. The software undergoes rigorous testing before release. Left to right: Xavier Mocquard, Anders Wallander, Changseung Kim and Petri Mäkijärvi. (Click to view larger version...)
The core of the infrastructure is located in a technical room in the basement of ITER Headquarters. The software undergoes rigorous testing before release. Left to right: Xavier Mocquard, Anders Wallander, Changseung Kim and Petri Mäkijärvi.
Working for the ITER project here and abroad, 55 organizations (Domestic Agencies, fusion labs, contractors) are presently using the CODAC Core System. An infrastructure has been set up to distribute the software to these and future organizations and to keep track of versions used. Training and user support is also provided.

The software package has recently demonstrated its efficiency on the Korean tokamak KSTAR and celebrated its "First Plasma," so to speak, last June at the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU) project in Italy.  "The ITER CODAC system is truly becoming a world language," says Anders.

CODAC is already implemented and deployed to monitor the power consumption on the ITER site, providing the "power people" with a global view and data with which to charge the different contractors operating on site. "With these pilot applications, we're demonstrating that the system meets our expectations," says CODAC System Engineer Franck Di Maio. "We're demonstrating the system's credibility."

What time is it at ITER?

All computers controlling the ITER Tokamak and its plant systems must be synchronized very precisely for the timely execution of commands. 'ITER Time' is used to control and operate the Tokamak. It is based on Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), the world's primary time standard. The CODAC Section captures the reference time from satellites for processing and distributes 'ITER Time' in all buildings over a dedicated network. In the picture that illustrates this article, the team demonstrates that CODAC Core System v4 meets the required site-wide accuracy of 50 nanoseconds on a real-time Instrumentation and Control Cubicle located in the basement of the Headquarters Building.
Petri Mäkijärvi
CODAC users throughout the world are no different from any personal software user: switching to an upgrade is both exciting and challenging. "Although we provide support for older versions, we want to convince companies to upgrade. And the way to do it is to provide new features and make the upgrade easy." In Franck Di Maio's v 4.0 User Manual, the list of changes, fixed bugs, and enhancements of all kinds occupy no less than six pages ...

Optimizing, upgrading and adapting ITER CODAC is "a process that will never end," says Anders. "There will always be new requirements—this is the main difference between an experimental facility and a power plant."


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