Subscribe options

Select your newsletters:

Please enter your email address:

@

Your email address will only be used for the purpose of sending you the ITER Organization publication(s) that you have requested. ITER Organization will not transfer your email address or other personal data to any other party or use it for commercial purposes.

If you change your mind, you can easily unsubscribe by clicking the unsubscribe option at the bottom of an email you've received from ITER Organization.

For more information, see our Privacy policy.

News & Media

Latest ITER Newsline

  • Tokamak assembly | The "module" has landed

    This 'module' was not designed to land on the Moon. But it was as complex a piece of technology, requiring as much precision in its handling as the famed 'lunar [...]

    Read more

  • Remembering Bernard Bigot, ITER Director-General 2015-2022

    On the ITER site, the machinery of construction was humming just like on any weekday. Workers were concentrating on their tasks, laying rebar for new buildings [...]

    Read more

  • Tokamak assembly | Preparing for the Big Lift

    The distance was short but the challenge daunting: on Thursday last week, the first section of the plasma chamber was lifted 50 centimetres above its suppor [...]

    Read more

  • Image of the week | 13th toroidal field coil arrives from Europe

    The toroidal field coil procurement effort has been one of the longest of the ITER program, initiated by Procurement Arrangements signed in 2007 and 2008. Manuf [...]

    Read more

  • Diagnostics | Final Procurement Arrangement signed

    ITER Diagnostics reached an important milestone in December 2021 when it concluded the last Procurement Arrangement of the diagnostics program. After signing a [...]

    Read more

Of Interest

See archived entries

First prototypes of high-voltage feedthroughs

The high-voltage magnet instrumentation team has achieved a critical milestone. From left to right: Adamo Laurenti; Kalpesh Doshi; Arnaud Devred; Jean-Yves Journeaux, Roland Piccin and David Carrillo. (Click to view larger version...)
The high-voltage magnet instrumentation team has achieved a critical milestone. From left to right: Adamo Laurenti; Kalpesh Doshi; Arnaud Devred; Jean-Yves Journeaux, Roland Piccin and David Carrillo.
One of the big challenges to the monitoring and protection of the large and complex superconducting components of the ITER magnet system is the transmission of the voltage signals from cryogenic to room temperature in a challenging environment involving high voltage, high vacuum, high magnetic field and radiation.

In ITER, the magnet instrumentation cables extend from the magnet cold mass in the insulation vacuum to the outside world at atmospheric pressure. The transition between vacuum and atmospheric pressure takes place at the level of the so-called  instrumentation feedthroughs.

The operating insulation voltage for the feedthroughs varies from 4 kV to 30 kV, derived from the electro-dynamic analysis of the ITER magnetic circuits. Based on these voltage levels and the number of wires in the cables, the feedthroughs are divided in five different types.

Other operating parameters are: vacuum up to 10^-6 torr, magnetic field up to 100 mT, and integrated radiation gamma doses of 1 kGy during the operational life time of the ITER machine (20 years).

The ITER requirements made procuring the feedthroughs challenging, as no commercial solutions were available at the time. Approximately 1,000 units, distributed all around the Tokamak Complex, are needed for ITER.

Detailed R&D programs for the qualification of a prototype design were launched in 2009, followed by the qualification of potential vendors for series production. In 2014, the ITER Organization awarded the contract to Ceramtec North America Corporation (US).

A few design iterations and sub-assembly tests were carried out to optimize design and manufacturing processes. After design approval by the ITER Organization, Ceramtec has produced two samples for the 6 pin 30 KV rating, identified as a type D variant.

The feedthroughs have passed all of the thermal cycle tests and leak tests at various stages of manufacturing and assembly, followed by a final electrical test at Ceramtec. The feedthroughs were connected to prototype high voltage cables provided by ITER for the electrical testing, before being sent to the ITER Organization for additional type tests and further validation.

It was an exciting moment for the ITER magnet instrumentation team when it received the first shipment of two high voltage feedthrough samples! "The sheer size and weight of these feedthroughs give a pretty good idea of the challenges ahead for the installation and commissioning of the high voltage magnet instrumentation. The achievement of this critical milestone and the reception of these two prototypes at ITER show the good and timely progress of the magnet instrumentation team and its readiness to process with series production," says Arnaud Devred, Superconductor Systems and Auxiliaries section leader.

The next steps for these feedthrough prototypes will be a re-check of vacuum leak tightness in the recently set up vacuum lab in the ITER Headquarters basement, and comprehensive high voltage testing at the Magnet Infrastructure Facilities for ITER (MIFI), hosted at the neighboring CEA research centre.


return to the latest published articles