Subscribe options

Select your newsletters:


Please enter your email address:

@

News & Media

Latest ITER Newsline

  • Cryoplant | Filled from floor to ceiling

    The ITER cryoplant used to be a vast echoey chamber with 5,400 m² of interior space divided into two areas; now, it is filled from floor to ceiling with industr [...]

    Read more

  • Cryostat | Adjusting, welding, testing ...

    The assembly of the ITER cryostat—the stainless steel "thermos" that insulates the ultra-cold superconducting magnets from the environment—is progress [...]

    Read more

  • Tokamak Building | Full steam ahead

    In this central arena of the construction site, construction teams are active three shifts a day—two full work shifts and a third, at night, dedicated to moving [...]

    Read more

  • Poloidal field coils | Turning tables and hot resin

    One of only two manufacturing facilities located on the ITER site, the Poloidal Field Coils Winding Facility was constructed by Europe to house the winding, imp [...]

    Read more

  • Assembly Hall | One giant standing

    Two identical handling tools in the Assembly Hall will play a critical role in preparing ITER's nine vacuum vessel sectors for their final journey: transport by [...]

    Read more

Of Interest

See archived entries

Forging elements of the vacuum vessel

Machining a component of the vacuum vessel at the Mangiarotti plant in Italy. For the first three vacuum vessel sectors alone, over 1,000 steel forgings are on order. (Click to view larger version...)
Machining a component of the vacuum vessel at the Mangiarotti plant in Italy. For the first three vacuum vessel sectors alone, over 1,000 steel forgings are on order.
Manufacturing is underway in Europe on over 1,000 steel forgings that will go into the assembly of the European vacuum vessel sectors. Weighing up to 10 metric tons for the heaviest, and varying widely in size and shape, these forgings are required for the first three vacuum vessel sectors under European responsibility.

At subcontractors Rolf Kind GmbH (Germany), Acciaierie Valbruna (Italy) and ThyssenKrupp (Germany), the process begins with mixing pellets of chromium, nickel and steel to make 316 LN, an ITER-grade of stainless steel with low carbon and high nitrogen content. The mixture is heated to temperatures of approximately 1,500 °C and poured into block moulds for cooling. These blocks are in turn heated to 1,000 °C and formed into the required shape using a technique called hot pressing.

The forgings produced by the sub-contractors will be shipped to Mangiarotti S.p.A and Walter Tosto S.p.A for machining.

The AMW consortium (Ansaldo Nucleare S.p.A, Mangiarotti, Walter Tosto) was chosen in 2010 by the European Domestic Agency to manufacture Europe's contribution to the ITER vacuum vessel—that is, seven of the nine sectors (Korea is producing the two others).

When machining is completed, the forgings will be welded together to create the four segments that make up each vacuum vessel sector (around 300 metric tons of forgings per 500-tonne sector).

See the full article on the European Domestic Agency website.


return to the latest published articles