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  • Cryolines | Another day, another spool

    Having wedged his body and equipment into the cramped space between the ceiling and the massive pipe, a worker is busy welding two cryolines spools. A few metre [...]

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  • Image of the week | Bearings unveiled

    The construction teams are in the last stages of preparing the Tokamak pit for the first major operation of ITER machine assembly: the lowering of the cryostat [...]

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  • Technology | Perfecting tritium breeding for DEMO and beyond

    While ITER will never breed tritium for its own consumption, it will test breeding blanket concepts—the tools and techniques that designers of future DEMO react [...]

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  • Fusion world | Japan and Europe complete the assembly of JT-60SA

    The JT-60SA fusion experiment in Naka, Japan, is designed to explore advanced plasma physics in support of the operation of ITER and next-phase devices. After s [...]

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  • Manufacturing | Thermal shield milestone in Korea

    Six years after the start of fabrication, Korean contractor SFA has completed the last 40° sector of vacuum vessel thermal shield. The stainless steel panels, c [...]

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Of Interest

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Shooting selected pellets into the plasma

Lynne Degitz, US ITER

The US ITER pellet injection team has designed and fabricated a new dual nozzle test article that will support both fuelling pellets and ELM pacing pellets in the ITER Tokamak. (Click to view larger version...)
The US ITER pellet injection team has designed and fabricated a new dual nozzle test article that will support both fuelling pellets and ELM pacing pellets in the ITER Tokamak.
ITER will require significant fuelling capability to operate at high density for long durations. Pellet injection provides efficient core and edge fuelling of deuterium or a deuterium/tritium mixture; the system will also deliver deuterium pellets to the plasma edge to mitigate edge localized mode instabilities (ELMs).

The US ITER pellet injection team based at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has designed and fabricated a new dual nozzle test article that will support both fuelling pellets and ELM pacing pellets in the ITER Tokamak.

The article was manufactured by Apollo Corporation in Wartburg, Tennessee. The component features shut-off nozzles which permit the selection of 5 mm fuelling pellets or 3 mm ELM pacing pellets; it is also possible to adjust the pellet length in order to tailor the amount of fuel or ELM pacing material delivered to the plasma.

A test stand at the ORNL Pellet Lab is being prepared and testing of the component will occur later this year. In the ITER machine, the pellets cut from the dual nozzle assembly will travel through the pellet selector to the pellet guide tubes, which direct fuelling and ELM pellets to specific areas of the plasma.


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