Subscribe options

Select your newsletters:

Please enter your email address:

@

Your email address will only be used for the purpose of sending you the ITER Organization publication(s) that you have requested. ITER Organization will not transfer your email address or other personal data to any other party or use it for commercial purposes.

If you change your mind, you can easily unsubscribe by clicking the unsubscribe option at the bottom of an email you've received from ITER Organization.

For more information, see our Privacy policy.

News & Media

Latest ITER Newsline

  • Neutral beam power | "Outside and beyond anything"

    In an empty plot on the ITER platform, preparatory works have started for the construction of two new buildings. From the outside, they will look like ordinary [...]

    Read more

  • Systems installation | Anticipation and flexibility

    It is a subterranean world of scaffolding and supports, piping and cables, concrete and embedded plates. To the untrained eye, the activity underway in the base [...]

    Read more

  • Image of the week | Keeping an eye on the hot (double) pancake

    An ITER ring-shaped coil begins its existence as cable-in-conduit conductor, wound into 'double pancakes' that are eventually stacked one upon the other to form [...]

    Read more

  • Cryostat thermal shield | A "strong back" for a fragile component

    The lower cylinder thermal shield is a large silver-plated component, circular in shape and five metres tall, which fits inside the depression in the cryostat b [...]

    Read more

  • Diagnostic shielding | B4C ceramic bricks prove their worth

    A number of materials can effectively shield diagnostic equipment from the neutron flux coming from the plasma. To find the best one, the diagnostics team at IT [...]

    Read more

Of Interest

See archived entries

Japan completes first 110-tonne winding pack

Japan has the procurement responsibility for 9 of ITER's 19 superconducting toroidal field winding packs and all 19 of the toroidal field coil cases. In a major production milestone the first winding pack has been completed, after the realization of the winding, heat treatment, radial plate insertion, and impregnation phases.

Creating the winding pack of an ITER toroidal field coil is a multistep process that demands precision and rigour. The first Japanese toroidal field winding pack was realized by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd/Mitsubishi Electric Co; a second is underway at Keihin Product Operations/Toshiba Corp. (Click to view larger version...)
Creating the winding pack of an ITER toroidal field coil is a multistep process that demands precision and rigour. The first Japanese toroidal field winding pack was realized by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd/Mitsubishi Electric Co; a second is underway at Keihin Product Operations/Toshiba Corp.
At QST—the National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology which oversee the procurement of all the ITER components allocated to Japan—teams have been hard at work on the fabrication of the toroidal field coils.

ITER's powerful D-shaped coils consist of a winding pack enclosed in a thick stainless steel case. The multistep fabrication process of the inner core starts with the winding of seven double pancake modules according to rigorous manufacturing specifications. Conductor unit lengths, for example, must be kept within ± 0.01 percent as they are wound. Next, helium inlets and joints are created and each double pancake module undergoes heat treatment—a process where temperatures of 650 °C for 100 hours (± 5 °C) renders the conductor alloy superconducting.

After heat treatment, radial plates are transferred carefully between conductor layers without causing strain greater than 0.1 percent, to avoid degrading conductor performance. The conductors are then extracted from the radial plate grooves and wrapped in insulating tape before being gently reinserted. At this stage of the process, the double pancake modules are sealed with cover plates by welding and then insulated and impregnated (or "hardened") with resin, a manufacturing step that only tolerates an additional ±1 mm of distortion in planarity over the entire double pancake.

Finally, the seven double pancakes were stacked together to form a winding pack, which was then covered with insulating tape for its ground insulation.

ITER management is using a number of ITER Council-approved milestones to track progress of the ITER Organization and Domestic Agencies against the overall schedule. For Japan, the ground insulation of the winding pack for toroidal field coil #1 is one of these major milestones, which the Japanese teams are proud to have completed ahead of deadline.

The milestone was achieved at the Futami plant of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd/Mitsubishi Electric Co. Work is also underway, in an identical manufacturing process, at the second Japanese manufacturing line for toroidal field coils—Keihin Product Operations of Toshiba Corp.


return to the latest published articles