Due to the constraints imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the crowd in the ITER Assembly Hall was small. But thanks to live broadcasting and video feed, the audience was global.
Organized in the ITER Assembly Hall, the kick-off ceremony was virtually hosted by President Emmanuel Macron of France. ''ITER is clearly an act of confidence in the future,'' he said. ''At its core is the conviction that science can truly make tomorrow better than today.'' Photo: Pierre Genevier-Tarel - ITER Organization
On Tuesday 28 July, as the machine assembly phase symbolically kicked off, President Macron of France and dignitaries from the seven ITER Members acknowledged the importance of the moment, reaffirmed their confidence in ITER success, and congratulated the "One ITER team" for the remarkable progress accomplished in exceptionally challenging times.
The moment was historic. Ten years after the start of construction in August 2010
, ITER was marking a new chapter in its long history. In the months and weeks that preceded Tuesday's event, several strategic components had been delivered to the construction site—among them one toroidal field coil from Europe and two from Japan. The first vacuum vessel sector from Korea was unloaded at Marseille harbour on 22 July and is expected on site in a little more than a week.
"As we launch the assembly phase of the ITER machine," said ITER Director-General Bernard Bigot in his introductory address, "we feel the weight of history. It is now one hundred years since scientists first understood that fusion energy was the power source for the Sun and stars and some six decades since the first tokamak was built in the Soviet Union... [...] We feel the need for both urgency and patience. We know we need a replacement for fossil fuels as soon as possible. [...] We are moving forward as rapidly as possible ... If we succeed, it will be worth all the time and effort that have brought us to this point."
Due to the current pandemic, the crowd in the ITER Assembly Hall was small. But thanks to live broadcasting and video connection the audience was global.
Speaking remotely from China, Luo Delong, the Head of the ITER Council, saluted "the entire ITER community—every Member, every Domestic Agency, every supplier company and contractor, and every staff member—for their dedication, perseverance, commitment, and hard work. If we are able to continue in this way I have great confidence that we will succeed."
The moment that followed was both warm and solemn. President Macron of France, speaking from the Elysée Palace in Paris, defined ITER in terms of its promise. ITER is a promise of peace, he said—the proof that "what brings together people and nations is stronger than what pulls them apart." It is also a "promise of progress and of confidence in science" that, if successful, will be an energy that will "answer the needs of populations in all parts of the world, meet the challenges of climate change and preserve natural resources." And, perhaps above all, ITER is "an act of confidence" in the future. "ITER belongs to the spirit of discovery, of ambition. At its core is the conviction that science can truly make tomorrow better than today."
The international dimension of ITER and its importance for world leaders was spectacularly illustrated by the messages that followed President Macron's address. On a giant screen in the ITER Assembly Hall, in the shadow of giant assembly tools, dignitaries from the seven ITER Members successively appeared to deliver their own message or convey that their heads of state or of government: the Council of the European Union and the European Commission as Host Member, China, India, Japan, Korea (with President Moon Jae-in appearing in person), Russia and the United States. All reaffirmed the unique nature of ITER and its importance for the future of humankind. (See box).
To this major event, the world media gave the echo it deserved (see Press Clippings on the ITER website
). One would have needed to live on another planet not to be informed that—on 28 July 2020—the ITER Project, the largest science collaboration ever established, had entered the decisive machine assembly phase.
Watch the full video of the event here. Download the commemorative ITER Progress in Pictures photobook for 2013-2020 here.
Presidency of the Council of the European Union— statement by Angela Merkel read by Michael Meister, Parliamentary State Secretary
"The ITER project involves seven partners [...] This fact makes one thing clear: without the contributions made by each individual ITER partner we would not have reached the milestone we are celebrating today."
European Union — Commissioner for Energy Kadri Simson
"But today we celebrate more than just a technical milestone. I would like to highlight three things in particular. First, the strength of international collaboration; second, ITER represents the determination of the EU in the fight against climate change; finally, I would like to talk about the importance of continuing to support projects like these in challenging times. The Covid-19 pandemic has forced us all to readjust our priorities and Europe is no exception."
China — Statement by President Xi Jinping, read by Minister of Science and Technology Wang Zhigang
"Science is not bound by national borders, and innovation is a never-ending endeavour. International cooperation on science and technology is critical to humanity's response to global challenges [...] The ITER project, one of the most important international scientific collaborations in the world, embodies human desire for the peaceful use of fusion energy [...] Together, let us promote science, technology and innovation across the globe and make new contributions to the betterment of lives in all countries and sustainable development of the whole world."
India — Statement by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, read by Ambassador Jawed Ashraf
"ITER is a project of an extraordinary vision and ambition and of unparalleled scale and complexity. [...] It is attempting a task of cosmic proportions. [...] The project is also very special because it involves international collaboration at an unprecedented level. This shared endeavour for a common good is a perfect symbol of the age-old Indian belief that the entire world is one family."
Japan — Statement by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, read by Hagiuda Koichi, Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)
"I, as Japan's Prime Minister, believe disruptive innovation will play a key role in addressing global issues, including climate change, and realizing a sustainable carbon-free society. [...] I sincerely hope the ITER project will continue its solid progress through the strong solidarity among the ITER Members, despite the COVID pandemic."
Korea — President Moon Jae-in
"Just as we have always done in the course of discovering new frontiers in science and technology, ITER also had to put up with numerous challenges and undergo countless trials and errors. We are able to overcome such hurdles and reach the stage of machine assembly because the seven member countries chose to pool their wisdom with ITER playing a central role. It is a proud achievement made possible by solidarity and cooperation among the international community. [...] Dazzling stars in the night sky shine with fusion energy. Once we pool all the wisdom that the world has to offer, we will be able to have an artificial sun that lights our path towards the future."
Russia — Statement by President Vladimir Putin, read by Alexey Likhachev, Director-General of Rosatom
"Despite the restrictions due to the coronavirus pandemic, we managed to maintain an uninterrupted pace of work. This gives us good ground to expect the project goals to be achieved on schedule, and in the foreseeable future we will receive a source of energy that is unique in its power and safety; the operation of which will undoubtedly contribute to solving sustainable economic development goals and improving the life quality of millions of people."
United States — Dan Brouillette, Secretary of Energy
"The ITER effort has also helped to renew enthusiasm and optimism about the commercial promise of fusion energy. Several start-up companies across North America have been established in recent years to explore potential concepts of fusion energy. Let's go to work — let's change the world!"