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News & Media

Latest ITER Newsline

  • Assembly | Set of handling tools for in-vessel installation finalized

    Inside of a test facility that reproduces the volume and geometry of the ITER vacuum vessel environment, a team from CNIM Systèmes Industriels has dem [...]

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  • 360° image of the week | The assembly theatre

    Ever since it was invented almost two centuries ago, photography has tried to capture what the human eye actually sees. Despite huge progress achieved, it has n [...]

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  • Science | Favourable impurity dynamics in ITER confirmed by experiment

    Recent studies at the JET tokamak confirm the physics basis for tungsten transport at the edge of fusion-producing plasmas in ITER and the project's strategy fo [...]

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  • Image of the week | 15th D-shaped coil delivered

    Fifteen out of ITER's 19 D-shaped toroidal field coils have been delivered. Toroidal field coils are among the largest and heaviest components of the ITER machi [...]

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  • Spinoffs | Japan develops first high-output, multi-frequency gyrotron

    Building off expertise developed in the supply of high-power, high-frequency gyrotrons for the ITER Project and the JT-60SA tokamak, Japan's National Insti [...]

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Of Interest

See archived entries

Image of the week

Keeping an eye on the hot (double) pancake

An ITER ring-shaped coil begins its existence as cable-in-conduit conductor, wound into "double pancakes" that are eventually stacked one upon the other to form the winding pack at the core of the finalized coil. At one point in the fabrication process, each individual double pancake must be resin-impregnated in order to ensure its electrical insulation.

Data fed by approximately one hundred sensors is displayed on large screens and closely examined by the Fusion for Energy team responsible for the impregnation of the first of the eight double pancakes required for poloidal field coil #4. (Click to view larger version...)
Data fed by approximately one hundred sensors is displayed on large screens and closely examined by the Fusion for Energy team responsible for the impregnation of the first of the eight double pancakes required for poloidal field coil #4.
The impregnation process is a long and delicate operation: tightly wrapped in insulating fiberglass tape, the double pancake is placed into a leak-tight mould. Several hundred litres of epoxy resin is injected at a temperature of 55-60 °C. As temperature is ramped up and extra pressure applied, the micro spaces inside the winding are filled and the double pancake eventually turns into a massive, rock solid block the colour of burned caramel.

Temperature, the quality of the vacuum inside the mould, and the intensity of the injection pressure must be closely monitored at all times.

In this image, data fed by approximately one hundred sensors is displayed on large screens and closely examined by the European Domestic Agency (Fusion for Energy) team responsible for the impregnation of the first of eight double pancakes required for poloidal field coil #4 (which will be 24 metres in diameter and weigh 350 tonnes).

Three other double pancakes are in various stages of fabrication in the on-site Poloidal Field Coil Winding Facility: one is ready to be impregnated; another is being finalized, and a third is taking shape on the winding table.



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