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  • 34th ITER Council | Updated baseline presented

    Nearly 100 people met for two days last week for the 34th Meeting of the ITER Council. The meeting was an important one, as the ITER Organization and the D [...]

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  • Cryopumps | First unit reaches ITER

    The ITER vacuum team, the European Domestic Agency Fusion for Energy, Research Instruments (RI), and the ITER Director-General were all excited to welcome the d [...]

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  • Tritium Plant Summit | A shared vision to prepare for delivery

    A summit organized at ITER Headquarters from 3 to 6 June brought together the international teams that will deliver the sub-systems of the ITER Tritium Plant. I [...]

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Of Interest

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Industrial milestone

First cryopump passes all tests

The serial production of ITER's powerful torus and cryostat cryopumps is progressing at Research Instruments, Germany, on behalf of the European Domestic Agency Fusion for Energy. Last week, the first production unit was cleared for shipment to ITER.

The first series production cryopump has passed all factory acceptance tests. Celebrating this major milestone are members of the ITER, Fusion for Energy, and Research Instruments project teams. (Click to view larger version...)
The first series production cryopump has passed all factory acceptance tests. Celebrating this major milestone are members of the ITER, Fusion for Energy, and Research Instruments project teams.
The first ITER cryopump passed all final factory acceptance tests at Research Instruments (RI), Germany, last week, marking a major milestone in the procurement program for these one-of-a-kind components that were developed through the close collaboration of experts at ITER, Fusion for Energy and European industry. 

"This achievement paves the way for delivery of the first cryopump to ITER by the end of the month and seven more by the end of the year," says Robert Pearce, ITER Vacuum System Project Leader.

With a volume of nearly 1,400 m³ and 8,500 m³ respectively, the ITER vacuum vessel and cryostat range among the largest vacuum systems ever built.

To create the very specific vacuum conditions that ITER requires, cryopumps—which "capture" unwanted particles by trapping them on extremely cold surfacesare indispensable to finalizing the initial pumping done by mechanical devices. ITER will rely on six torus cryopumps to maintain ultra-high vacuum inside the ITER vacuum vessel during operation and to create low density—about one million times lower than the density of air. Two other cryopumps will provide the insulating vacuum in the cryostat that allow the superconducting magnets to remain cold.

All eight are under the procurement responsibility of the European Domestic Agency Fusion for Energy. Research and prototyping have been underway for years; since 2018 the build-to-print procurement package has been in the hands of industry after the delivery of a pre-production cryopump unit for testing and the signature of the Torus and Cryostat Cryopump Procurement Arrangement.  



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