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Latest ITER Newsline

  • "Friendship Award"| China honours ITER Director-General

    Last week, ITER Director-General Bernard Bigot was one of 100 foreign experts from 31 countries to be awarded China's Government Friendship Award. The Governm [...]

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  • Disruption mitigation | First tests with JET's shattered pellet injector

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  • Image of the week | 12 pillars and counting

    Two rows of pillars have now appeared at the top of the ITER Tokamak Building—12 out of 20 base pillars that will soon be topped by a second level of pillars, a [...]

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  • Blanket first wall | Qualification program concludes in Europe

    Directly facing the heat and high-energy neutrons produced during fusion is the first wall of the ITER blanket—440 beryllium-coated, detachable panels that will [...]

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  • Software | ITER's healthy reliance on open source

    A long-time user of open source, ITER does not stand alone—far from it. Virtually all Big Science projects in the world are big users of public domain software. [...]

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Of Interest

See archived entries

KSTAR achieves H-Mode

After obtaining First Plasma in July 2008, KSTAR, the fully superconducting Korean tokamak, achieved its first transition to H-Mode on 8 November almost a year ahead of schedule. (Click to view larger version...)
After obtaining First Plasma in July 2008, KSTAR, the fully superconducting Korean tokamak, achieved its first transition to H-Mode on 8 November almost a year ahead of schedule.
It happened earlier than expected: in Daejon, on 8 November, KSTAR, the Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Reactor, briefly achieved its first transition to H-Mode.

"Although H-mode is not our ultimate goal," explained Myuen Kwon, the Vice President of the Korean National Fusion Research Institute (NFRI), "it is an important milestone, all the more since we achieved it one campaign ahead of schedule."

The H-Mode was "discovered" on the ASDEX Tokamak in February 1982 and later obtained on several other installations such as JET, DIII-D or JT-60. Almost three decades later, this plasma regime, which stores twice as much energy than the regular "L-Mode," still retains some fundamental mystery.

Physicists and tokamak operators know how to obtain it, but their knowledge is largely empirical. The perfect physics equation of H-Mode has yet to be written.

Its value however "is unquestioned," confided H-Mode discoverer Fritz Wagner, in a June 2009 Newsline interview. "It is what makes the goals of fusion possible."

KSTAR's achievement, almost a year ahead of schedule, is of high significance for ITER.


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