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ITER NEWSLINE 50
At the recent IO-DA meeting held in Moscow, the IO and the Domestic Agencies took a big step forward by agreeing on a common approach on how to deal with the various technical and logistical adaptations that have become necessary after the ITER Design Review and how to share the tasks amongst the IO and the seven parties. In addition, several cost mitigation and risk reduction proposals were discussed. For both topics fast implementation is essential to benefit from them as much as possible. In addition a strategy for the implementation of so-called Integrated Product Teams was presented. Obviously the successful procurement of high-tech one-off components requires a close collaboration - may be even call it coaching - between the design team and the industry. The common teams consisting of IO and DA member would follow designs all the way from producing 2-D manufacturing drawings through delivery and installation on site, ensuring that all interfaces are defined, etc... The establishment of Product Teams will help to share the responsibility and the work load between IO and the DAs involved and will integrate the organizations spread across the globe as requested by the Council.
After this tough but very productive IO-DA meeting, the review group led by Frank Briscoe met for the second time in Aix-en-Provence last week to continue their examination of the project's investment costs as well as the IO's resource needs.
Right before that I presented the status of ITER at the SOFT conference. a wonderful opportunity to show the significant progress that ITER has made since the last conference in Warsaw. In a meeting between industry representatives and IO and DA members from EU and Japan great interest was shown in the procurement plans of ITER and potential involvement.
Using this occasion I would like to clarify some comments I made at a press conference at the SOFT conference in Rostock last week regarding pending adaptations stemming from the recent Design Review. Taking all the necessary modifications into account plus the cost increases for materials such as steel or copper, I said that some of the ITER components could face increases between 10-100%. The comment was immediately picked up by the media who interpreted the statement as referring to the overall cost of the project. I did not say or seek to imply that these ranges of increases apply to the overall cost of ITER. I apologize if this misunderstanding has caused confusion.
This week, Rostock moved into the academic focus as it hosted the 25th Symposium on Fusion Technology (SOFT 2008) organized by the Max Planck Institute of Plasma Physics in Greifswald. The symposium is held every two years and presents a detailed survey of the most recent progress in fusion research. The ITER project with its demanding requirements was certainly a major topic of this year's event.
As keynote speaker, Octavi Quintana Trias, Director for EURATOM in the Directorate General for Research in the European Commission, summarized the achievements and challenges of the European fusion energy research programme. Trias was followed by the ITER Principal Deputy Director General, Norbert Holtkamp, giving an update on the project's progress and an overview of the latest technological achievements such as the successful performance testing of the ITER magnets, the development of sophisticated diagnostic systems, new wall materials and the control coils for plasma stabilization. In total more than 20 talks and presentations dealt with specific ITER related research and development.
The presentations and poster sessions were supplemented by a Fusion Technology Forum with 40 exhibitors promoting the exchange between industry and research. The same objective was the subject of a panel discussion entitled "ITER and Industrial Development".
A verbal award was issued to two of the most notable works presented during the conference. One of them was the talk on the ITER Remote Maintenance Management System on the basis of "message clarity and its importance for the correct execution of the ITER components", the conference organizers stressed. The other award went to a work on magnetics carried out at the RFX Project in Padova. "I would like to share this reward with all of you, since you all participated and contributed to this work", Leader of the Remote Handling Section, Alessandro Tesini, said.
The Low-Level Radwaste Facility (LLRWF) houses various processes regarding both low-level liquid and solid radioactive waste generated from various ITER process systems. The current configuration for the LLRWF is based on the 2001 design and proposed as follows:
-Basement: dedicated for the storage (in tanks) and treatment of contaminated liquids and resins;
-Ground level: dedicated to solid waste including storage before and after treatment, treatment, packaging and a special area for the mobile unit. This floor also includes a hot chemical and radiological laboratory.
Upper level: dedicated to technical utilities. This facility includes sufficient storage capacity for both liquid and solid waste to ensure that the operation of the ITER facility is not affected by the removal of waste generated by operations and maintenance.
In order to freeze the design and layout of this building, two meetings were organized recently: A first two days workshop 10/11 September allowed the European Domestic Agency "Fusion for Energy" (F4E) and the ITER Organization to review the input data as well as the requirements for this facility, and to then assess impacts on layout and design. The main outcome of fruitful discussions was an impressive reduction in the amount of liquid and solid waste based on robust assumptions. This enabled a preliminary layout to be drafted last week that could meet the 2001 envelope for the building size.
Secondly a design briefing meeting was held in the frame work of the pre A&E activities last week. This enabled the radwaste building to be included in the pre A&E activities. Now the IO team is carrying out consolidation and optimization work to check that the full chain of storage and treatment can meet the ITER waste management requirements.
Yes - the very Sade from whom we have derived the words "sadism", "sadist" and "sadistic". Scholars will tell you that this is quite unfair: Sade wasn't a sadist - it's just that he had a lot of imagination. What led him to spend most of his life in prison or in lunatic asylums, was not so much the wild parties he organized in Paris and, later in life, in his chateau in the Luberon, but his unwavering stand for freedom, both political and personal.
Lacoste's 500 or so residents have always harboured mixed feelings about their former lord. During the French Revolution, they looted and burned his castle and today, except for a "Cafe" and a "Moulin de Sade", nothing reminds the visitor of the village's most illustrious figure - no Boulevard de Sade, Rue Justine or Place Juliette are to be found in Lacoste.
But the "Divine marquis" - this is how poets in the 1920's surrealist movement referred to him - is still haunting the place. His sad and eerie presence can be felt on the Castle's esplanade where his caged bust stands lonely guard over the ruined walls.
It took a "stranger", a Parisian, to try to salvage what was left of Sade's memory: In 2001, French fashion designer Pierre Cardin acquired the castle, along with several houses in the village, and has been busy restoring them ever since. Each July, Cardin organizes a music and theatre festival in the nearby quarries. In the summer at least, Donatien Alphonse Francois is not alone anymore.
What gave Marseille an edge over its French rivals - Lyons, Toulouse and Bordeaux - was the strong political and popular support the city's candidature had gained throughout the Provence region.
To be ready for 2013, the city and local governments plan to invest close to 100 million euros in various programmes such as the Cite de l'Image in Arles and, on Marseille' waterfront, the Museum of Europe and Mediterranean Civilisations (MuCem) - which Rudy Ricciotti, the architect of both the future ITER building and the Manosque International School, has also designed. Marseille expects considerable economic benefits from the operation. In the northern city of Lille, which was European Capital of Culture in 2004, six euros were reaped for each euro invested.
But what matters most to Marseille and its residents is the recognition of the city's spectacular transformation. Fifteen years ago, Marseille was looked-down upon as a rundown, unsafe and sleazy place. It is now a bustling "Euro-Mediterranean" metropolis - and it has become almost trendy to live or establish a business close to the Vieux-Port, the Joliette or the Canebiere.
Taking a closer look at Peide Weng's career, the answer is clear. Born in Shanghai, Peide graduated in mechanical engineering at the Beijing Institute of Technology. The Cultural Revolution put a sudden hold on his career, as he was forced to leave University and manufacture tools in a remote factory instead. When the first political storm had calmed down, Peide was allowed to continue where he had stopped. He picked up a job as engineer at the Institute for Plasma Physics at the Academy of Science in Hefei, where he worked on the early Chinese tokamaks, the HT-6M and the HT-7, one of the first superconducting tokamaks in China. "I had no clue about superconductivity when we started, but I was eager to learn," he says. And that not only holds for the holy grail of physics. Besides perfect English, Peide can speak a little Russian and German. The latter he learned during his two years spent at IPP in Garching where he worked on the ASDEX Upgrade.
In 1991 he was appointed deputy Director of the Institute in Hefei and when the Chinese Government decided to build EAST in 1997, Peide took on the role of Chief Engineer of the project. He was also involved in the negotiations for China's participation in the ITER project in 2003. So, ITER will be the fourth tokamak Peide, who is in charge of integration, has worked on during his career. Although Peide's job is strictly technical, it gets a diplomatic touch from time to time. People participating in the weekly Project Progress meetings will know what this means.