Women in Fusion event
Five experts share their experience of entering and evolving in the field of fusion as women, and offer a number of suggestions for reducing the "fusion gender gap."
"I've been the only woman in the room, so many times," remarks Gabriella Saibene, Head of Unit of Plasma Engineering and Operations at Fusion for Energy, whose career in fusion spans over 30 years.
Four panelists and a facilitator discuss what it is like to work in the field of fusion as a woman. What challenges? What opportunities?
A common experience for all the panelists. The UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) reports that women account for less than 30% of the world's scientists and researchers—and this percentage is even lower in fields such as nuclear physics and nuclear engineering, including fusion science and technology.
During this month's Fusion in Energy Conference (FEC 2020), a side event with a panel of fusion experts offered clear-headed assessment of the challenges that exist and a number of suggestions for encouraging and supporting women in the field.
Entering a highly male-dominated field represents a pyramid, which is "very steep, and very hard to climb," panelists emphasized. Women do not benefit from the same established networking opportunities, and they face specific challenges related to maternity and work/family life balance that may complicate their presence and visibility at international conferences. And although progress has been made in the past years in attracting a greater number of women to the field of fusion, the rate of progress is slow and much work remains to be done to build a true "pipeline," according to the specialists.
The panelists agreed on the importance of supporting and mentoring young women training in fusion, not only to encourage them to persist in the investment they are making in their education, but also to ensure that good professional opportunities exist once they finish their courses of study. Creating a mentorship and networking mechanism would be the most effective next step to speeding up the process of attracting highly qualified candidates to this "exciting and demanding" field.
You can watch a replay of the Women in Fusion event on the ITER YouTube channel here.
The FEC 2020 Women in Fusion event was organized with the support of Aleksandra Peeva, Associate Communication Officer at the IAEA, and Shira Tabachnikoff, Internal & Stakeholder Relations Manager at ITER. The panelists were:
- Gabriella Saibene, Head of Unit of Plasma Engineering and Operations at Fusion for Energy (F4E)
- Min Liao, Magnet Section Leader at the ITER Organization
- Simona Breidokaitė, PhD student in fusion at the Lithuanian Energy Institute
- Zabrina Johal, Strategic Development Director at General Atomics
- Sehila M. Gonzalez de Vicente, Nuclear Fusion Physicist at the IAEA (facilitator)
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