Just two years after Bulganin and Khrushchev's
Nikita S. Khrushchev (centre) and Nikolai A. Bulganin (to his left) during the historical visit to the Atomic Energy Research Establishment in Harwell on 26 April 1956, also attended by Igor V. Kurchatov, the ''father'' of the Soviet nuclear program (to the right of Khrushchev). Opposite is Sir John D. Cockcroft, Director of the Atomic Energy Research Establishment. On the table, mockups of elements from the material testing reactor DIDO, which had just entered operation, are exhibited.
"Fusion research is unlike any other scientific research," adds Alberto Loarte, Head of ITER's Science Division. "There's a unique spirit of international collaboration and cooperation — and equally a unique lack of rivalry between different fusion research initiatives taking place around the world."
Sponsored by the United Nations, the second ''Atoms for Peace'' conference was the largest international gathering ever to focus on the potential of harnessing nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. In his report on fusion research in the USSR, keynote speaker Lev Artsimovich stressed the importance of this new joint international effort. ''A most important factor in ensuring success [...] is the continuation and further development of the international cooperation initiated by our conference.''
JET remains a good example, and achieved a
Following four years of design activities, Europe's decision to build JET, in 1977, marked the first international collaborative effort in the construction of a fusion machine. JET remains to this day the largest operating tokamak. Here, the design team headed by France's Paul-Henri Rebut (centre) in 1977.