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  • FEC 2020 | E-conference opens, participation never higher

    The 28th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC) is off to an auspicious start. Open to the public for the first time thanks to the technical possibilities of an al [...]

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  • Gas injection system | Last manifolds completed in China

    Contractors to the Chinese Domestic Agency have completed an important part of the gas injection system—the distribution manifolds that carry gas species from t [...]

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  • Magnets | Seventh vertical coil reaches ITER

    Seven toroidal field coils have reached ITER in the past year. The latest, TF3 from Europe, passed through the ITER gates on Friday 3 May. The European and Japa [...]

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  • Tritium Building | Work resumes

    The energy-producing plasmas in ITER will be fuelled in equal measure by the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium. Deuterium is a stable element that industr [...]

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Of Interest

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The cold factory

In order to maintain 10,000 tonnes of magnets at superconducting temperature, to cool the thermal shield and to feed the cryopumps, ITER will need to circulate huge quantities of cooling fluids.

 (Click to view larger version...)
As a consequence, the ITER cryoplant (worksite pictured) will be deliver 75 kW of combined cooling power.

The soccer-field-size installation will comprise three identical plants to store and circulate liquid helium (at a temperature of 4 K or minus 269 °C) throughout the installation.

Helium is not the only ultra-cold fluid that the cryoplant will produce. Liquid nitrogen, at a temperature of minus 196 °C, will be used as a "pre-cooler" in the liquid helium plants.

 (Click to view larger version...)
On the site of the cryoplant, not far from the Poloidal Field Coils Winding Facility, the foundations are in place. Work is now focused on the construction of the columns that will support the cranes for the installation's maintenance and on the slabs that will support the heavy megawatt-class screw compressors and high-speed turbines.

The building structure should be delivered in April 2017.


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