Although the sun is radiant and the sky bright blue, winter, with its seasonal viruses, is not over yet. The most common viruses at this time of year include viral respiratory infections or gastro-intestinal diseases accompanied by high fevers.
Viruses are primarily transmitted via contaminated surfaces and direct person-to-person contact. A major factor is the close proximity of people to each other. Here are some suggestions for minimizing your risk of seasonal infection:
Exposure avoidance - Sick people should avoid well people, and vice versa. Cough or sneeze into disposable tissues. Wash hands frequently. Disinfect frequently used surfaces between uses.
Self care - Rest. If your temperature is 38oC or more, use a fever reducer. If you are vomiting, perspiring or have diarrhoea, it is necessary to replace water loss with fluids. Hydration is also useful in respiratory infections to help thin mucous. Start re-hydration with water and move to sugar-containing drinks, especially if solid food is not tolerated. When able, try small amounts of bland solid foods, and then gradually return to your normal diet.
Outside help - Seek professional help if you have trouble breathing, a severe headache or stiff neck, severe weakness or dizziness, an extremely high fever or a fever that lasts more than three days. return to Newsline #69